ABOUT THE PLANT: Maize is one of the most common and most important crops in the world. Basically it is used for grain and forage production. Also it is grown for food and industrial purposes such as producing of cereals and flour, producing of plastics, paper and so on.
It is a tall annual herb that reaches a height of 3 m (in exceptional cases up to 6 m or more), it has a well-developed root system. Basic air roots may form on the lower nodes of the stem. Stem is straight, up to 7 cm in diameter, there is no cavity inside (unlike most other cereals). The leaves are large, of line-lanceolate shape, it`s width is up to 10 cm and length – 1 m. Spikelets with stamens and pistiles flowers are united in different inflorescences or in separated parts of one inflorescences. Stamens flowers are united in two spikelets, one of them is almost sitting, second one is on the stem, spikelets are united in the top panicle. Spikelets of pistillate flowers are in rows with 6-16 flowers on a thick, fleshy axis of a stalk that goes in the middle part of the stem from leaf axils. Neb part is long, has shape of a nail, at the end it is fishtail.
IMPLEMENTATION: Our company offers to buy maize seeds at a good price, we offer the next hybrids: Pochaivskiy 190 SB, Orzhitsa 237 MB, Poltava 270 FAO, Capital 270 MB, Lyubava 279 MB, Bilozirskiy 295 CB, Solonyanskiy 298 SB.
Hybrid Pochaivskiy 190 SB
It is a hybrid for a good host. In his group according to ripe ability it is one of the best on the market. The originator is SI “Institute of Steppe Zone Agriculture of NAAS of Ukraine” (Dnepropetrovsk). Type of hybrid: Simple. Ripeness group: Precocious (FAO 190). Plant has average height 190-200 cm., economical plant which is characterized as not bushing, stalks are fixed on the top at the level of 60-70 cm. Stalk is cylindrical and it`s length is 18-20 cm., The number of rows of beans on a stalk is 16-18, number of grains in a raw is 36- 38, the rod in the first generation is red, grain yield capacity is 80-85%. Grain is yellow, teeth-shaped; weight of 1000 seeds is 270-280g. Lodging stability is equal to 7 points, cold resistance – 7 points, drought resistance – 7 points; it’s stable to major disease – 7 points, damage by pests – 7 points. Harvesting density: (thousands of units per ha) – forest – 75-80, Step – 50-55. According to the yield capacity it is a competitor of more late hybrids, potential yield capacity is 11.0 – 12.5 t / ha. Moisture exchange is very good according to the best foreign hybrids. Growing zones: forest-steppe, steppe.
Characteristic features: according to the terms of yield and rate of discharge of water it is one of the best early hybrids on the market of Ukraine, including all foreign competitors. It is an intensive hybrid which demands a proper planting density. The plant is light, compact and economical. It is a typical corn hybrid. The plant is enough resistant to adverse weather conditions. It is very difficult in seeding, so it will always be in short supply. It is registered in the State Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine in 2009.
Hybrid Orzhitsa 237 MB
It is a high-tech and yielding hybrid with beautiful and modern plant. It has excellent moisture exchange. Originator: SI “Institute of Steppe Zone Agriculture NAAS of Ukraine” (Dnepropetrovsk), AIP Poltava Institute (Agricultural-Industrial Production) NAAS of Ukraine. Type of hybrid: simple modified. Ripeness group: Medium (FAO – 230). The plant is tall – 250-260 cm. It has no bushes. The plant is resistant to lodging and brittle stems, there are about 15 leaves on the main stem, the stalk is fixed on the top on the level of 80-90 cm. The stalk has almost cylindrical shape, length of it is 20-21 cm., The number of rows of grains on the stalk is 16-18, there are 34-36 grains in a row, red core. Grain: orange-red, siliceous-toothed, weight of 1000 seeds is 280-290 g. It is stable to lodging – 8 points, cold resistance – 8 points, drought resistance – 8 points, its stable to major disease – 8 points, damage by pests – 8 points. Harvesting density (thousands per ha) – woodlands- 80-85, forest-steppe – 75-80, Step – 50-55. Yield capacity: potential grain yield capacity is 11.0 – 12.0 t / ha. It is characterized by a great moisture exchange. It has a very few competitors even among foreign hybrids. Characteristic features: it is a high-tech hybrid, which is characterized by a combination of high yield capacity and low harvest grain moisture. In terms of pre-harvesting humidity it is not worse than the best foreign hybrids. It differs from other hybrids by it`s height remontant ability. Areas of cultivation – woodlands, forest-steppe, steppe. It is registered in the State Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine in 2010.
Hybrid Poltava 270 FAO
The hybrid is intensive and characterized by middle ripeness; it is a hybrid of a dual type recommended for cultivation in forest-steppe and woodlands. It is registered in the Register of plant variety of Belarus and Ukraine. The sort is characterized by a high drought resistance and cold resistance. It can be used for growing for silage and feed grains, dry grains. It has high ecological plasticity. This hybrid reaches a height of 250-270 cm, stable to lodge and is not afraid of pests and diseases. Each cylindrical top is large enough, reaches a length of 24-26 cm, it contains 14-16 rows of grains. Grains of maize of this hybrid are yellow, odontoid. Weight of 1000 seeds is 260-280 m. The recommended density stand of plants depends on the area of cultivation and is 40-80 thousand plants per 1 hectare. The potential yield capacity of the maize hybrid Poltava is 12 t / ha of grain, 75 t / ha of hay, 35 quintal / ha of seed.
Hybrid Capital 270 MB
Originator – V. Yuriev Plant institute NAAS. Hybrid type: double, interline. It is registered in the Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine in 2012. Recommended zones of cultivation are steppe, forest-steppe, and woodlands. The characteristic features which differs the sort are: odontoid, plant height is 260-270 cm, stalk is situated on the height of 90-95, the number of leaves 15-16, stalk length is21-22 cm, there are 16 rows of grain. Yield capacity 82-84%, stalk core is red, weight of 1000 grains is 270 -280 g. Group of Medium ripeness FAO 270, full ripeness 107-110 days, the initial growth is fast, high cold resistance, drought resistance, stable to lodging, high resistance to flying smut, highly stable to bubble smut. Resistance to stem rot is high. The hybrid is highly resistant to maize butterfly. The potential yield capacity of grain is 10,7-11,2 t / ha. The recommended density for harvest in steppe is 50-55 thousand/ha, for forest – 60-65 thousand/ha, for woodlands – 65-70 thousand/ha. Harvesting humidity is 20-22%. The potential yield capacity of green mass is 54,0-56,0 t / ha. Dry matter content in the green mass is 23-25%. The protein content in grain is 10.0%. Starch content is 71.0%.
Hybrid Lyubava 279 MB
The hybrid is characterized by medium ripeness (FAO – 270), easy modified. Originator –Institute of Agriculture of Steppe zone NAAS of Ukraine. It is registered in the State Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine in 2007. Area of cultivation: woodlands, forest-steppe, steppe. Usage: grain, silage. The plant is relatively tall – 250-260 cm, no bushes, cylindrical stalk, 22-23 cm in length, the number of rows of grains is 16, there are 40-42 grains in a row, red rod, grain yield capacity is 80-85%, stalk is situated on the level of 100-105 cm, grains are yellow and have siliceous-odontoid shape, weight of 1000 seeds is 290-300g. Pre-harvesting density of plants (thousand of units / ha): woodlands – 75-80, forest-steppe – 70-75, Step – 50-55, resistance to lodging – 9 points, cold resistance – 9 points, drought resistance – 9 points, its stable to major disease – 9 points, sable to damage by pests – 9 points. Grain yield capacity is 12.0 – 12.5 t / ha, yield capacity of silage is 50.0 – 65.0 t / ha. It is the most common hybrid.
The hybrid is characterized by high yield capacity and highly profitable seed business. This hybrid of maize reacts well to improving of growing conditions.
Hybrid Bilozirskiy 295 SB
It is a hybrid characterized by medium ripeness (FAO – 280), three-linear hybrid. Originator is Institute of Agriculture of steppe zone NAAS of Ukraine. It is registered in the State Register of plant varieties of Ukraine in 2005. Areas of cultivation: woodlands, forest-steppe, steppe. Usage: grain, silage, plant height is 270-280 cm, no bushes, stalk is cylindrical, 20-22 cm in length, the number of grain rows is 14-16, there are 36-38 grains in a row, the rod is red, stalk is situated on the level of 105-115 cm, grains are yellow, odontoid, weight of 1000 seeds is 290-300g. Pre-harvest density (thousand of units / ha): woodlands – 70-75, forest-steppe – 65-70, step – 45-50. Resistance to lodging is 9 points, cold resistance is 9 points, drought resistance – 9 points, its stable to major disease – 9 points, stable to damage by pests – 9 points, the grain yield capacity is 12.0 – 12.5 t / ha, yield capacity of silage is 60.0 – 65.0 t / ha. It is a high-tech hybrid, highly resistant to lodging and main diseases with height yield capacity, highly profitable seed business. In compare to hybrid “Lyubava 279 MW” it has a slightly higher yield (0.3-0.4 t / ha more), but grain humidity is 1-2% more.
Hybrid Solonyanskiy 298 SB
It is a hybrid of a high crop capacity, irreplaceable in extreme conditions. It deserves to be called one of the most popular hybrids. Selection – SI (State Institution) “Institute of Agriculture of steppe zone NAAS of Ukraine” (Dnepropetrovsk), “Scientific and Production Agricultural corporation “Steppe”. Hybrid type – simple modified; medium ripeness (FAO 290); height – 250 – 260, stalk fixation level – 80-90 cm., in the case of excessive moisture may be slightly bushing; stalk is almost cylindrical, 21-23 cm long., there are 16 – 18 rows of grain, there are 36-40 grains in a row; rod of the stalk is red. Grain is yellow, odontoid, medium large. Weight of 1000 seeds is 280-290g.; Grain yield capacity out of stalks is 82-83%. The hybrid is very resistant to lodging and stems breaking including overexposure; it is resistant to dangerous diseases and pests; drought and heat resistance is good, cold resistance is high. Winter gathering is possible. Crop capacity is high and stable in all the regions of maize growing, potential yield capacity is up to 13.5 t / ha, the hybrid is very drought-resistant, fast moisture exchange is not typical for the hybrid. Harvesting density for step is from 45 – 50 thousand / ha, for forest-steppe – 70-75, for woodlands – 80 – 85 thousand plants per hectare.
Characteristic features: it is one of the most productive Ukrainian grain hybrids. Repeatedly yield reached 12 tons /ha in production. From one year to another the hybrid shows a very good stability of yield capacity. It is an intensive hybrid which has a beautiful, well shown, strong plant. Its features is high uniformity in crops. In terms of adaptability is not that good as new Ukrainian hybrids, but in extreme conditions maize growing is very useful. It is registered in the State Register of plant varieties of Ukraine in 2006.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT MAIZE:
1. There is a version that maize is an alien plant or at least divine. The Maya tribe worshiped to a deity named Ah Moon.
2. It is interesting that maize cobs always contains an even number of flowers which later form an even number of seeds. There are usually 10-14 rows of maize, and the seeds – about a thousand!
3. Today more than five hundred products are made of maize, using not only grain but also the leaves, stem and cobs coverings. Food for animals, alcohol, paste, plastic, plaster, industrial filters and more are made from maize.
4. Maize can give almost all the nutrients needed for the human body, that is why some people can eat just maize and feel good.
5. Archaeologists insist that American Indians began to eat popmaize at least five thousand years ago. They mixed maize with sand and made fire around it. And then they caught exploding bowls, cleaned them and ate.
6. Maize should be boiled without salt, otherwise it will be very tough. That’s why you buy cabbage boiled maize, and then you add salt. Old maize should be boiled for at least 2 hours, and young one – just 15 minutes.
7. If the maizestarch add to water, you get a suspension. If you put this suspension in a large deep reservoir, you can run on it. In this case, your feet will not touch the bottom of a reservoir, if you run fast and repelled from the surface quickly.
8. Maize (or maize) is an ancient cultivated plant that exists in the world. During excavations in Mexico City maize pollen was found and its age is 55000 years!