ABOUT THE PLANT: Soy (Glicine hispida L.) is an annual plant. The bar root system. The stem is strong, erect, much branched and forms a shrub up to 1.5 m. The leaves are trifoliate, until being ripe they completely fall. The flowers are small, white or pale violet, surrounded by leaves (3 … 5 flowers).
Self-pollination dominates in soybeans, due to the nature flowering hybrids are rare. Beans of different shapes and colors, containing 1 … 5 seeds. Stems, leaves and soya beans covered with thick stiff hairs. Seeds are round or oval shape depending on the sort and painted in yellow, green, brown or black.
Soya is the crop which is pretty different in using. As for the oil content among beans and legumes just peanuts leads in front of soy, its part is 30% of world oil production. As for protein content soybean seeds exceeds all field crops except lupine. More than 20,000 products are made of soybean, even analogues of meat, dairy and confectionery. Seeds contain a complex of biologically active substances and vitamins (A1, B1, B2, C, D, E, K, PP), as well as salts, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and iron, because soybeans are widely used in medicine for the manufacture of supplements and pharmaceuticals.
Soya is a good precursor because it is able to almost fully provide itself with nitrogen through symbiotic nitrogen fixation.
IMPLEMENTATION: Our company offers the best prices for the purchase of soybean seeds of the following grades: Almaz, Annushka, Apollo, Maksus, Madison.
Sort is added to the Register of Plant Varieties of Ukraine in 2007 and recommended for cultivation in the steppes of Ukraine. The patent holders is L.G. Bilyavskaya and Poltava State Agrarian Academy. The sort Almaz is created by hybridization of Moldova lines 3/ and Swedish sort Fiskeby 840-5-3. Approbation group – abenaria.
The plant has a dense shrub stalk end-type growth. Pubescence gray stems. Plant height – 60-70 cm, height of the lower mounting bean – 12-14 cm. Leaves trifoliate with green oval plates. Cones – multiflorous tassel, 5-7 flowers light purple. Beans light, a little bit bent, 2-4 seeds. Seeds are large oval, yellow. Seed scar is narrow, red color. Weight of 1000 seeds – 190-220 g. Early maturing sort has a neutral photoperiodic response, cold-resistant, drought-resistant. The vegetation period is 100-105 days. It has a high resistance to the most common diseases and pests.
Sort Almaz really takes a higher position among other sorts in Ukraine, it really significantly exceeded national standards for yield by 5-8 t / ha. In addition to high performance, the feature of this sort is a high content of protein in seeds – 37-39%, fat – 25-26%, oleic type. The sort has high resistance to cracking and lodging beans.
The sort is reated by individual selection from the hybrid population L. 955 / Chernyatka. It belongs to the Manchurian subspecies, approbation of sordida. Plant height is 70-75 cm. The height of attachment of lower beans is 11-12 cm. Plants with red pubescence. Seeds oval, yellow, brown scar, middle oval. Weight of 1000 seeds is 150-155 g. Protein content is 40-41% and 19-20% fat.
It is really ultra ripening sort, in conditions of the Kiev region ripen comes in 80-85 days. Resistant to defeat by the most common diseases, as well as low temperature during flowering and fruit formation. The sort is recommended for cultivation in the steppe and forest regions of Ukraine and repeated in the main crops. Due to the ripening it can be used as a precursor for winter crops in all areas of Ukraine.
Annushka soybean sort was created in PP NSNF “Soeviy vik” and added to the State Register of plant varieties of Ukraine in 2007 and known as national standard for ripening sorts of soybeans. Plants grade intermediate type growth, bush brief. Plant height 80-110sm, the height of the lower tier of beans lay 12-15sm, pubescence color dark gray, purple flowers. Leaves link. Seeds are average (mass of 1000 seeds 110-155h), oval, round, yellow, yellow scar from eye. Sort is characterized by increased number of pods per plant and seeds in beans (40% 4 seed). Plants have a high potential productivity (4.2 t / ha and more without irrigation). Annushka soybean sort is unique for ripening, it is absolutely reliable predecessor under winter crops. Full maturation occurs in early August (pp 75-85 days). Plants are resistant to lodging, with field characterized by high resistance to disease. The sort is suitable for growing at high agricultural areas and irrigation. The content in the seed: protein – 40,0 – 43,2%, fat – 17.5 – 21.0%.
The sort is ultra ripening – 85-87 days, CHU 2350. Resistant to lodging, with well-developed root system. The high level of yield due to large beans. Plant height – 75-110 cm, the height of the lower attachment bean – 14-16 cm. The potential yield – 49.8 c / ha. Weight of 1000 seeds – 180 g, protein content – 38,9-41,3%. The recommended planting density – 950,000 – 1 million. Seeds / ha. Resistant to lodging with well-developed root system. The recommended row spacing – 15-30 cm. Recommended for cultivation in steppe, forest steppe, wood lands. A characteristic feature of the sort is resistance to many diseases and pests. This grade is absolutely reliable predecessor for winter crops.
Medium ripe sort – 101-110 days, CHU 2600. The perfect combination of high productivity and flexibility. Plant height 85 cm, height of the lower pod mount 22 cm. The weight of 1000 seeds – 197 g, yield potential – 47 kg / ha, oil content – 41%. The recommended planting density – 800,000 seeds / ha. Recommended holding inoculated seeds. A characteristic feature of the sort is resistance to many diseases and pests.
Applicants – Institute of Agrarian Sciences of feed, Kirovohrad State Agricultural Experiment Station. The term vegetation – 85 -90 days. The sort is created by individual and group selection of hybrids by crossing sorts Petrovka + Aurora. Subspecies – Manchurskiy, Approbation group – sordida. Form of plants compact, green stem with dense pubescence and direct red finish, height 80-140 cm. Cones-brush, 8-10 flowers per peduncle. Average flower, purple. Red bean light, average number of seeds 3.2, maximum – 4 seeds are oval, medium size, yellow with no pigmentation. Brown scars, large, oval. Weight of 1000 seeds – 136.7 g. Average yield in the years tested in the steppe zone of 17.5 c / ha. The content of crude protein 34.9% -23.6% fat content.
Originator NAAS Institute irrigation farming. Sort middle-growing period in conditions of southern Ukraine 120-122 days. Characterized by high resistance to lodging, damage by peronosporoz. Plant height 100-105 cm, Bush is brief, compact type with intermediate growth. Stem straight, is 17-20 internodes. Pubescence stems and white beans. Beans storm. Seeds yellow, rounded-oval, medium size. Weight of 1000 seeds 160-180 g. The seeds contain 38,0-39,6 20,0-23,0% protein and oil. The average yield under optimal growing conditions 3,7-3,85 t / ha. The maximum grain yield reached 4.2 t / ha. Variety is listed in the State Register of varieties of Ukraine since 2009 and is recommended for growing in the steppe zone.
It is middle- grow sort of intermediate type growth. Plant height reaches 80-100 cm. The seeds contain: 38-39% protein; oil fat 21-22%. Farmers belong to the category of sort of early ripening varieties. The term vegetation in the steppe zone – about 100-110 days. Lower bean plants are mounted at a height of 18-20 cm. From the ground. The variety is resistant to lodging, seed shattering and cracking the beans also resistant to dry weather conditions. The variety is resistant to exciters to askohitoz, peronosporoz, Septoria. Tendency for being defeat by fusarium and gray rot is weak.
Middle grain variety. Average experimental yields when grown in different areas is 21,7-30,1 kg / ha. Oil content – 24.0%, protein content – 36.2%. Lower bob mounted on height – 13.9 cm. Weight – 171.7 g per 1000 seeds. The sort is characterized by resistance to lodging, shattering and drought, as well as tolerance to disease. The stem is of medium height and thickness, with an average number of nodes. Flowers – purple. Beans curved, brown, medium length, narrow. Seeds oval, elongated, yellow with a dark brown scar.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT SOY:
1. “Soya” in Chinese is “shu” which means literally – “large bean”.
2. The word “soy” came to us from Roman-Germanic languages. In turn, the word was borrowed from Japanese by Europeans.
3. Soy is one of the oldest cultivated plants, recognizing its beneficial properties, people began to cultivate soybeans at least 6-7 thousand years ago.
4. In ancient China soybean meal considered to be for poor people.
5. Soy is the only plant to which people relate controversial: some studies confirm the beneficial properties of soy, others scientists ascertain the fact that soy can cause irreversible changes in the structure of the brain.
6. Soya is the only crop which does not have wastes
7. Tofu is a cottage cheese with soybeans.