ABOUT THE PLANT: Nut is one of the oldest plants in agriculture, It is also known as garbanzo beans, chickpeas or peas bird. The richness and quality of the natural complex of protein, oil, vitamins and other biologically valuable substances fruits of this plant are one of the most important food.
By sowing areas nut is on the third place in the world among grain legumes. Only soybeans and beans are leading in front of nut.
The plant belongs to the legume family and is a small annual bush with the height from 20 to 70 cm. It is rounded with spout seeds, resembling sheep`s head, for which in many places chickpeas is called “garbanzo beans”, and because of the spout – “bird peas” .
Chickpea varieties with white, yellow-pink and white-yellow seeds are edible seeds and nut of dark colors that contain high protein is used for fodder.
The plant is self-pollinating. Cross-pollination kinds are very rare. Compared to other legumes chickpeas is more drought-resistant, enough resistant to air drought, however, it is sensitive to irrigation. It grows in different soil types, but the best for it are black, brown, sandy soils. Depending on variety and weather conditions vegetative period is 80-130 days, so they crop it in late July – early August after harvesting crops. They regulate the cutting height so at the field there were no any beans – usually about 10-13 cm. At the areas with lots of wild grass crops are used to separate harvesting. Nut legumes reaper is used for cutting it. Two or three days later when plants are dry they thresh it using a combine.
Seeds which come from the combine should be immediately cleaned of impurities and, if necessary, dried to 14% moisture. The presence of impurities even in small amounts increases moisture. Clean and chickpeas dried seeds are stored in bags at the height of stacks no more than 2.5 meters or embankment not less than 1.5 m.
Nut is of great importance as restorer agronomic and soil improver. After cutting on the each hectare there remains to be as much nutrients as 15-20 tons of manure contain. It is not demanding to predecessors, but it is an excellent precursor for most crops. Winter wheat yield after chickpea is the same as after black steam, and in some cases even higher. Using of chickpeas allows you to build a better crop rotation, especially in the steppe zone of Ukraine. Nut is also relatively easy to protect from pests and diseases. In any case, not comparable with the number of treatments to wheat and rapeseed. The most important argument is economic. Chickpea seeds are now very popular on the market. This is especially true with plants with big seeds.
IMPLEMENTATION: Our company offers to purchase at competitive prices chickpea seeds following kinds: Rosanna, Memory, Triumph.
It is a tall plant with high bottom bracket beans, the height of a plant is 55-60 cm. Lower beans are fixed on the height 22-24 cm. This kind has shtamb bush type, it is resistant to lodging. Pubescence of all the generative organs of plants is thick and has a straw color. Anthocyanin pigmentation of a stem is absent. The flowers are medium sized, white. Beans have rhombic shape of medium size. They have yellow color when they are ripe. Seeds are rounded, light yellow, and have smooth surface. Weight of 1000 seeds is 290-310 m. According to the length of growing season this kind belongs to the middle group (95-100 days). It has medium resistance to Fusarium and askohitoz.
Middle-ripe kind. The length of the growing season is 90-95 days. Plant height is 55-50 cm, height of the lower beans is 20-22 cm. Shtamb bush type, resistant to lodging. Pubescence of all the vegetative organs is thick, bluish-green. Anthocyanin pigmentation is absent. Flowers are white single average size. Beans have rhombic shape of medium size, when they are ripe they have yellow-straw color. Seeds have light brown color, round, medium size, weight of 1000 seeds is 280-300 g. Characteristic feature of the class are: the resistance to repeated regrowth at high humidity, poorly affected by Fusarium and askohitoz and accumulates 28-30% of protein in seeds.
Middle-ripe kind with length of the growing season 94-98 days. It starts blooming on the 30th-35th day after rises. Bush shape is half shtamb, plant height is 55-60 cm, lower beans are fixed on the height 20-22 cm. The stem, leaves and stipules are light green, no anthocyanin pigmentation. Leaves have no waxy coating, size is 0,4х1,1cm, lanceolate shape, sharply serrated leaf edge. The flowers are Large, white, solitary. Sail is naked, Pedicel is short. Beans are large with size 2,0х2,3 cm, rhombic shape, light green, when they are ripe the have straw-yellow color, short spout, the average number of seeds in a bean – 1.1. Seeds are large, they have intermediate form, surface is wrinkled, beige, weight of 1000 seeds – 410-415 g, ovate scar, nose and scar has yellow color. It is characterized by height level of droughtresistence, relatively resistant to Fusarium and askohitoz. The seeds keep 28-30% of protein.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT NUT:
1. Even 7500 years ago it was grown and eaten in the modern Middle East. The remains of chickpea are found in excavations of Neolithic settlements. In the Bronze Age in Greece and Rome nut was one of the main food crop, and its useful and even healing properties are described in the writings of the ancient physicians.
2. Nut is popular in the countries with a rich history and culture which in ancient times was if not the only one or just similar. This fact is shown in cooking even. For example, in Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Cyprus nut is used for making hummus. It is healthy dishe with a unique flavor that does not require much affords to cook. It really decreases level of cholesterol and sugar in blood, and improves digestion and metabolism.
3. Several thousand years ago in the Mediterranean nut was called Cice or Cheech. Exactly from this word we know the name of a famous philosopher and politician Cicero.
4. In the 17-18 century in Europe they used nut for cooking a drink which replaced coffee.
5. Scientists in Egypt found a mural, which depicts the Pharaoh Akhenaten with a branch of nut in his hand. It is believed that nut symbolizes virility of Pharaoh.